The formal education system comprises pre-primary, primary and secondary education, as well as education at post-secondary and tertiary level. Enrolment in primary schools has declined since 2001 when it stood at nearly 20 thousand. Enrolment in secondary education remained virtually unchanged at about 10 thousand in the period 2001-2011. The number of graduates from secondary education fluctuated in that period, with a minimum of 1,537 in 2009/2010 and a record high of 2,096 in 2003/2004.
The T.A. Marryshow Community College (TAMCC) and St. Georges University are the major providers of secondary and post-secondary/tertiary education and training in Grenada.
TAMCC is a key provider of secondary and post-secondary/tertiary education and training in Grenada. The College is a Government institution and receives a subvention from Government.
Previously it fell directly under the MEHR, but now it takes decisions independently, in consultation with the sectors, etc. The Mission of the College is “…to cater to the needs of the labour market …” However, it is important to keep in mind that labour market needs are always dynamic.
There are three schools at TAMCC:
- School of Arts, Science and Professional Studies (SASPS)
- School of Applied Arts and Technology (SAAT)
- School of Continuing Education (SCE).
Schools 1 and 2 primarily focus on providing educational certificates. School 1 has the following departments:
- Natural Science
There are a specific number of places available. Regular programmes are run every year. School 2 offers two-year programmes and has the following departments:
- Hospitality & Tourism
Students graduate with an Associate degree. For some occupations, students graduate with an Associate degree and CVQ.
School 3 provides extended services in areas that the other two schools provide, but part-time (in the evenings). The focus of the SCE is on competency-based TVET training (providing CVQs). It has a close relationship with the NTA. It also provides full-time training to people who are out of the formal education system, which caters persons of 16 years and above. The part-time programme focuses more on employed persons. E.g., 22 persons of the Water and Sewerage Authority participated. Now a second cohort is participating. When certified, they receive a certificate of a plumber at CVQ Level 3.
There is also an evening programme that targets unemployed persons, including disadvantaged youth. This programme is sponsored and uses occupational standards approved by the NTA. It provides opportunities for trainees to do an internship, which is a mandatory component for NVQ/CVQ certification. It has three focus areas:
- Hospitality & Tourism
According to the evaluation, about 40% of persons were retained after an apprenticeship in 2012. In 2013, the rate was somewhat less favourable, due to the market conditions.
In Schools 1 and 2 employers are involved as members of advisory groups. School 3 follows Schools 1 and 2. Company staff is sometimes involved in delivering part of the training.
In the academic year 2012-2013, there were just over 2000 students in Schools 1 and 2 of TAMCC. There has been a displacement of males by females in areas where males used to be dominant. Table A4.1 shows the number of students enrolled in 2011-2012 and indicates that about a fifth of the total is enrolled in the School of Continuing Education.
Enrolment in TAMCC – 2000/2001 to 2011/2012
In the area of training for unemployed people, the Ministry of Youth launched a large training project for people in the age of 18 to 38 years called the new IMANI. The scheme is meant for jobless people and basically tries to repair what is missing in initial education. It furthermore provides vocational education and training. There is some overlap with the training provided by TAMCC. Employers are involved in the programme. Monitoring and evaluation of the programme will be done.
Each participant is offered a three-month self-development course which concentrates on soft skills. Career guidance is given during that course. After the three-month course, one or more of the following options are available:
- People may enter a skill training course offered through the NTA, which last one month up to one year. Hence, there is a second-chance component.
- They also may enrol in apprenticeships for two years.
- There is a three months training for those who want to start a small business.
- There is the possibility to be referred to the scholarship desk of the MEHR (to access the loan programme).
Four thousand (4,000) participants have been selected already. The programme can accommodate about 1,000 persons per batch. Every three months the inflow is planned to equal 1,000 persons. The programme will last for five years. It has a budget of EC$16 million annually.
The Grenada Hotel & Tourism Association (GHTA) recently completed a CARIBCERT certification programme, which was launched in March 2011 in Grenada. The programme was funded by DFID and administered by the Caribbean Development Bank. The objectives of this programme are:
- Lift the standard of the service industry – to increase the competitiveness of Grenada’s tourism product, and
- Increase employee marketability and employment opportunities of workers in the Grenada tourism sector in CARICOM
Nearly 500 CARIBCERT certificates had been awarded to management, supervisory and operational staff in the hospitality industry in Grenada.
The GNTA develops occupational standards and provides technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Grenada in four sectors with potential demand for labour. The training is provided in the framework of the OECS Skills for Inclusive Growth Project and is delivered by selected pre-qualified training providers, among which the T.A. Marryshow Community College (TAMCC). The aim was to train and certify 1,200 unemployed youth of 18 to 30 years of age, over a three-year period. Two programmes were started in mid-December 2010, with 40 unemployed youth offered the opportunity to be trained in technical skills in the areas of Food and Beverage Restaurant Service and Industrial Security Operations. Respectively 16 and 15 trainees completed the technical training in April/May 2011. Only some of them started (and completed) the subsequent Traineeship period. The first 16 National Vocational Qualifications were awarded in July 2011.
In the course of 2011, GNTA started with another seven training programmes in various occupational areas in which 134 trainees enrolled.