The National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process was established by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to reduce vulnerability and to mainstream adapta- tion into development planning. At the Conference of the Par- ties to the UNFCCC in Durban (COP 17) in December 2011, the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) was requested to prepare Technical Guidelines for the NAP process.
Climate change and the need for adaptation are increasingly gaining acceptance in both developed and developing countries, and especially in Least Development Countries (LDCs). In 2001 the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) released a decision calling for Least Developed Countries to develop National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs).
While there is no single approach to integrating adaptation considerations into sector planning, concrete examples are emerging as more countries pursue National Adaptation Plan (NAP) processes. South-South sharing of experiences through the NAP Global Network has shown that, in the early stages of NAP processes, the impetus for sector integration can be found in different ministries and at different levels depending on the country context.
As a small island state in the Caribbean, Grenada is highly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. After laying the the foundation for a response to climate change the Government of Grenada is now taking important steps to minimize climate risks through a systematic NAP process.
This study was commissioned by the Global Programme on Risk Assessment and Management for Adaptation to Climate Change (Loss and Damage) which is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
This process is led by the Environment Division with technical assistance by GIZ as part of the Integrated Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Programme (ICCAS). Funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) as part of its International Climate Initiative (IKI).