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Climate Resilience, The Environment, Forestry, Fisheries & Disaster Management

International Conventions & Agreements

International Conventions & Agreements

International Obligations

Grenada takes its role as signatory to a number or regional and international fisheries conventions and agreements seriously. The table below summarises these relationships, indicating the nature of Grenada’s participation and the national institution(s) responsible where appropriate.

Table - International Fisheries Conventions/Agreements & Grenada’s Participation 

Name of Convention Status in Grenada Responsible Ministry/Agency
ICRW International Convention  for  the Regulation of Whaling Grenada adhered to the ICRW on 7/4/1993 Focal Point – Fisheries Division
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 10/12/1982 Ratified by Grenada: 25-04-1991 Fisheries, Ports Authority, Energy, Foreign Affairs, Legal Affairs
Seabed & Ocean Floor Agreement relating to the Part XI of UNCLOS Signed: 14/11/ 1994. Consent to simplified procedure: 28/7/ 1995. Fisheries, Ports Authority, Energy, Foreign Affairs, Legal Affairs
UNFAO Code of Conduct International Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries 1995, including IPOAs-Sharks.  IUU, Capacity and Seabirds Voluntary Code Adopted COFI 1995, of which Grenada is a member. Fisheries
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 1992 Signed: 3rd Dec 1992; Party: 11th Aug 1994 Main Focal Point: Ministry of the Environment.
Secondary National Point on Protected Areas: PS – Fisheries
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Acceded: 30th Aug 1999. Entered into force: 28 Nov 1999 Focal Point: Forestry
Other: Fisheries, Customs Dept, Veterinary
Cartagena Convention. Convention  for  the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region Including  Oil  Spill,  SPAW and LBS Signed: 24th  Mar 1983
Ratified: 17 Aug 1987
Oil Spill Signed: 24/3/1983; Ratified: 17th Aug 1987
SPAW Signed: Feb 2012. LBS Not signed or ratified.
Potential Agencies:
- Health
- Ports Authority
- Fisheries
-  Physical  Planning  and  Land
Development Control Authority
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Regional implications for Grenada

Alongside the major international agreements, there has been a different - and rather more important - regionalisation process underway. This concerns the Caribbean region generally but is particularly focused on the chain of Windward Islands and the Eastern Caribbean. The most relevant agreements are as follows:

  • The CFRM (Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism) based in Belize, with a regional office in St Vincent.
  • Through the OECS (Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States), the OECS Environmental Sustainable Development Unit (ESDU) based in St Lucia
  • Through CARICOM (the Caribbean Community), it's Caribbean Fisheries Forum (CFF)
  • The proposed Caribbean Community Common Fisheries Policy (CCCFP) the principle of which has been endorsed to some degree by the Eastern Caribbean States.

St Georges declaration on the principles for Environmental Sustainability in the OECS. The Caribbean Community Common Fisheries Policy (CCCFP) is perhaps the principal embodiment of this broad initiative, but it is really the assemblage of regional agreements mentioned above that link the islands under the auspices of various aspects of maritime governance. Taken together these agreements amount to a potential close regional relationship for the stewardship of the regions marine resources. As the OECS ESDU points out, most of the required structures for regional management are already in place:

  • The Islands’ participation in the CFRM is a statement of regional intent in itself
  • The CCCFP has been endorsed in principle by the fisheries divisions parent ministries
  • Fisheries legislation has been largely harmonised within the OECS
  • The existence of the OECS economic union is itself an expression of political will to cooperate
  • The CARICOM single market has allowed the regionalisation of seafood trade
  • Two agreements provide the basis for cross-border MCS cooperation

              - The common fisheries surveillance zones agreement (OECS)

              - The common manuals for enforcement and prosecutions (OECS/Cariforum)

  • A further set of regional agreements cover many related aspects

             - The St Georges Declaration on Environmental Sustainability

             - The Cartagena agreement (Marine Pollution) SPAW protocol (biodiversity)

             - The Caribbean Challenge agreement – 20% of coastal waters MPAs by 2020,

  • Some level of interaction with ICCAT provided through CFRM’s observer status
  • The existing Common Agricultural Policy which is mutually agreed has fisheries components and sets a precedent

The government has worked with several conservation organizations, donor governments and development partners on activities to protect its marine and coastal assets, including its vital fisheries sector through education and advocacy programs and active implementation of marine adaptation and conservation activities.