The Mace symbolizes the authority of the Crown in Parliament and is used in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Its symbolism thus extends by delegation t the authority of each House individually and to the authority of the Speaker in each House. It extends also to the authority of Sergeant-at-Arms when executing an order under the direction of the Speaker.
The Mace is an essential part of the regalia of Parliament and without it, neither House is considered to be properly constituted. When the Speaker is in the Chair, the Mace rests in the upper brackets on the Table of the House. When the House resolves itself into a Committee of the whole, the Mace is removed into the lower brackets under the table.
The Mace of the Senate was designed and made by Thomas Fattorini Ltd. of Birmingham, England, to the requirements specified by a Committee appointed by the Speaker of the former Legislative Council.
The Mace, which measures 3ft and weighs 29 lbs, has a Crown top surmounted by the traditional Orb and Cross. Below this there is a bowl top which carried an engraving of the crest of Grenada, incorporating the motto “CLARIOR E TENEBRIS” on one side and the Royal Cypher –“E11R” on the other.
The stem of the Mace is headed by a reed pattern embodying motifs symbolizing the main products of Grenada – Cocoa, Nutmeg and Banana – and a palm-fringed beach representing the tourist attractions of the Island. Below this, and also above the foot-piece, is a representation of the “Flamboyant” flower which is wrought and engraved.
The boss at the base carries the figures “1967” – the year in which the Senate was established.
The footpiece is headed with the legend “SENATE OF GRENADA” in solid relief.
The Mace is made of Hall Mark Silver and special Hard Gilt.
The Mace of House of Representatives was inherited from its predecessor – the Legislative Council.
It is made of solid silver with a Crown and Maltese Cross surmounted at the Dome.
It bears, among other things, the old arms of the island of Grenada which consists of a primitive sugar mill operated by oxen and saves, with the superscription:
“Hae Tibi Erunt Artes”
(These will be thine arts)
The whole is surrounded by the inscription:-
“Sigillum Insularum Grenadae et Grenadillorum”
(The Crest of the Island of Grenada and the Grenadines)
In 1934, the Mace which weighs 45 lbs, and measures 4ft, 9 ins, was repaired and given a coating of gold after which it was exhibited in the House of Commons Library at Westminster for one week.
No record has been traced of the manner in which the Mace reached Grenada. It is believed that it was a special gift made to the old House of Assembly which functioned until 1876. After the latter date, it disappeared from the House and with its disappearance, it connected the incident of the passage of a Bill which had the effect of curtailing the rights of the people to have a voice in the making of laws and the imposition of taxes. After a lapse of 55 years, it again appeared in 1931 when the Constitution underwent a further change.
Of exquisite workmanship, the Mace is reported to be one of the largest in the World.